Bible-Dictionary.org
Smith's Bible Dictionary | Easton's Bible Dictionary | Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

Home -› Oath
Online dictionary
 
Definition Of:

Oath

Bible DictionarySmith's Bible Dictionary
The principle on which an oath is held to be binding is incidentally laid down in (Hebrews 6:16) viz. as an ultimate appeal to divine authority to ratify an assertion. On the same principle, that oath has always been held most binding which appealed to the highest authority, as regards both individuals and communities. As a consequence of this principle, appeals to God's name on the one hand, and to heathen deities on the other, are treated in scripture as tests of allegiance. (Exodus 23:13; 34:6; 29:12) etc. So also the sovereign's name is sometimes used as a form of obligation. (Genesis 42:15; 2 Samuel 11:11; 14:19) Other forms of oath, serious or frivolous, are mentioned, some of which are condemned by our Lord. (Matthew 6:33; 23:16-22) and see (James 5:12) (There is, however, a world-wide difference between a solemn appeal to God and profane swearing.) The forms of adjuration mentioned in Scripture are-
→ Lifting up the hand. Witnesses laid their hands on the head of the accused. (Genesis 14:22; Leviticus 24:14; 17:7; Isaiah 3:7) → Putting the hand under the thigh of the person to whom the Promise was made. (Genesis 24:2; 47:29)
→ Oaths were sometimes taken before the altar, or, as some understand the passage, if the persons were not in Jerusalem, in a position looking toward the temple. (1 Kings 8:31; 2 Chronicles 6:22) → Dividing a victim and passing between or distributing the pieces. (Genesis 15:10,17; Jeremiah 34:18) As the sanctity of oaths was carefully inculcated by the law, so the crime of perjury was strongly condemned; and to a false witness the same punishment was assigned which was due for the crime to which he testified. (Exodus 20:7; Leviticus 19:12)
  
Bible DictionaryEaston's Bible Dictionary
a solemn appeal to God, permitted on fitting occasions (Deut. 6:13; Jer. 4:2), in various forms (Gen. 16:5; 2 Sam. 12:5; Ruth 1:17; Hos. 4:15; Rom. 1:9), and taken in different ways (Gen. 14:22; 24:2; 2 Chr. 6:22). God is represented as taking an oath (Heb. 6:16-18), so also Christ (Matt. 26:64), and Paul (Rom. 9:1; Gal. 1:20; Phil. 1:8). The precept, "Swear not at all," refers probably to ordinary conversation between man and man (Matt. 5:34,37). But if the words are taken as referring to oaths, then their intention may have been to show "that the proper state of Christians is to require no oaths; that when evil is expelled from among them every yea and nay will be as decisive as an oath, every promise as binding as a vow."
Bible DictionaryHitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Elizabeth, the oath, or fullness, of God  
 
fullness, or oath, of the Lord  
 
captivity; old man; repose; oath  
See also: Oblation , Maadai , Pahath-Moab , Gabriel ,

 

Bible Dictionary INDEX:


List of Terms: Terms beginning with "A", Page 1

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

A: Page 1 of 55.

A
AEnon
Aarat
Aaron
Aaronites
Ab
Abaddon
Abagtha
Abana
Abarim
Abba
Abda

babylon
Home   |   Online Translation  |  Contact Us   |   About Us   |   Dictionary
Bible-Dictionary.org
Copyright 2008 All Rights Reserved on Bible-Dictionary.org